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1. Emulators: MS-DOS in Windows 10.

2, Programming ways – programming paradigms.

3. Computer language generations
1GL – machine codes,
2GL – Assembly (MASM),
3GL (fortran, cobol, c, c++, java),
4GL – python,

4. Essential application programs – browser, word, excel, …

5. For Mac users, please search “run windows on mac”. You may need the windows emulator to exercise the dos batch file programming.

DOS Batch file references:
Windows Batch File Scripting
Batch script operators: tutorialspoint
Comparison operators: EQU or ==, NEQ, LSS, LEQ, GTR, GEQ